Common values are the very foundation of the European Union. They play a decisive role for the inner cohesion and solidarity among the citizens of the Union. They unite them. That’s why they are laid down right at the beginning of the Treaty in Article 2. They include respect for human dignity, freedom, tolerance, democracy, the rule of law, pluralism, justice, solidarity, equality, the protection of minorities and non-discrimination. The Charta of Fundamental Rights describes these values in more detail and phrases them in a manner that turns them into fundamental rights enforceable by law for each and every citizen.